IRGSC Research  Paper
Working Paper 16
ISSN 2339-0638
WP No: Working Paper No. 16

Title:
Human Trafficking and Corruption in Indonesia: A Recent Assessment

Keywords:  slavery, human trafficking, forced labour, organised crime, internal trafficking, decentralisation, post Suharto,
edible-nest swiftlet

Author(s): Dominggus Elcid Li et. al.

Corresponding email:  elcidli at yahoo.com

Date: March 2017

Link:
http://irgsc.org/pubs/wp/IRGSCWP16.pdf

Abstract:
The institutional corruption in state institutions can be either be a push or push factor for human trafficking.  This research
focuses on meso scale analysis on how the people from the bottom of poverty are trafficked for low skilled and labour
intensive job, and how they are systematically neglected by state apparatus ‘within’ Indonesia interior.  This paper highlights
a slavery case in an edible-nest swiftlet factory Medan, North Sumatra (Indonesia) where the victims have been
systematically neglected, even to the point of death, not only by the master but also by the state apparatus.  This paper
looks at: (i) how human trafficking is practiced by the organised crime network, (ii) how the state institutions are paralysed
and the apparatus become predators to its most vulnerable citizens, (iii) how the private agency involved in human
trafficking, and (iv) how human trafficking within Indonesia is linked to the global supply chain of labour.
Key words: slavery, human trafficking, forced labour, organised crime, internal trafficking, decentralisation, post Suharto,
edible-nest swiftlet